In Japan, celebrated on 14 public holidays, each of which on a day off. In addition to these, there are many holidays: one in the culture of the country came more recently, another couple of thousand years.
By the way, in Japan it is not customary to congratulate the holidays. The reason for the greetings can only be a personal achievement or success (graduation, for example) or the birth of a child. To all “personal” holidays, it is customary to give gifts. The surprise also the last day of the year and in the summer on a holiday Bon.
The Japanese. practical people, because most often for each other useful things: towels, soap, food, exotic fruit. The gift should not be too “personal”. More will be valued not the gift itself, and its beautiful packaging. In the presence of the giver to unwrap the gifts cannot. it is possible to inadvertently offend. In addition, gifts should not be abandoned.
Here is a list of some of the Japanese holidays:
1 January is a public holiday of the New year (Ganjitsu), one of the brightest events of the year. Usually celebrated for 5 days from December 30 to January 3. New year’s eve it is customary to hold prayer hatsumode (cry for happiness).
To sleep, decided to go only on the night of 2nd / 3rd January. Hatsu-Yume (translated as “first dream of the year”) is considered prophetic divination about luck at all this year. The best dreams of the night are considered to be mount Fuji or wealth.
2 through January 3 conduct marathon relay “Ekiden”. the most important event in sports life of the country.
On January 7 decided to serve rice porridge with “7 spring herbs”. Porridge, according to popular belief, fill the body force for a year.
The Japanese worship the Seven Gods of Luck.
February 3-4. this is the Setsubun festival (similar to our Old New year). On the night of 4 February, the children scatter the beans on all the rooms of the house, uttering spells to scare away the demons-they. After the ceremony ended, each child must sit the beans on his age (7 years old. 7 beans).
February 4-5. the celebration of the Chinese New Year, a celebration of the Beginning of spring.
On 11 February. another public holiday Foundation Day of Japan.
On February 14, as in most countries of the world. Valentine’s Day.
The end of April. the beginning of may in Japan called “Golden Week”. this is a series of public holidays: May day, 3 numbers. Constitution day, may 4, though, and doesn’t have his own holiday, is considered a public holiday so as not to interrupt the week of celebrations, celebrate may 5 children’s Day (before the holidays was only for boys).
On the third Sunday of June in Japan celebrate fathers Day.
July 1 open the season of climbing mount Fuji.
7 July, celebrate the Tanabata festival (star Festival). According to the legend, on this night, met the stars of the Shepherd and the Spinners, separated by the Milky Way. The Japanese on the night make wishes by writing them on narrow strips of paper and then tie to the stem of the bamboo.
20 July – marine Day. On this day students out on summer vacation.
August 15 in Japan. Day of memory of victims of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On this day in 1945, Japan surrendered.
In the heat of August days are held on the occasion of the festival of Bon. Day ancestors. For the spirits of their ancestors, visiting their old home, welcome light the fires, which in the end are replaced with a farewell ohnishi. During the Bon festival in Japan, it is customary to give gifts.
On September 1, crouches beginning of the Typhoon season. If to this day the harvest will not be collected, he could easily die.
September 1 also celebrate the Day of the disaster management after the Great kantō earthquake (1923), in which killed 140 thousand people, and Tokyo was completely destroyed.
September 15 to celebrate respect for the aged Day. It is a public holiday.
14-15 September – the official Day of admiring the full moon.
September 23-24. The fall equinox and spring equinox celebration, the Japanese visit the graves of their ancestors.
October 1, declared a Day of collecting donations for the poor.
On 15 November. traditional Holiday city-go-San: all three Japanese children and also boys of 5 years and a girl of 7 years old should visit Shinto temples and pray for the longevity. It is an ancient tradition that previously had a different version:
at the age of three years children already didn’t shave his head bald;
the boys in 5 years the first time wore bloomers-Hakam;
7-year-old girl at this age the first time I tied myself Obi belt.
On that day, children should be dressed in national costumes. After praying in the temple, the parents are obliged to buy their children candy Chitose AME. candy longevity. It is usually sold together with the bag with the picture of the stork and the turtle – ancient symbols of long life.
On 23 December. a big national holiday. This day celebrates the birthday of the Emperor.
from 25 to 28 December in Japan are engaged in traditional manufacturing rice balls-mochi (a treat for the New year).
31 December ceremony Omisoka? the ceremony of purification at home. In the new year on the table should be long noodles Toshi-Koshi (literally. lane “passing from this year in that year”): then your life will be the same length as and the noodles. In Buddhist temples immediately midnight beat out 108 strikes of the bell, so as to leave the 108 passions in the past year and to give people Enlightenment by abandoning them.