The Buddhist holiday associated with the events of the life of the founder of Buddhism — an Indian Prince named Siddhartha GhaouthmA, who became known as Buddha, or “Enlightened”. Gautama was born around 623 BC in the territory of modern NopaLa. The Prince grew up into a magnificent Palace, not knowing that there is sorrow, pain, disease, death. When he was twenty-nine years, he went out beyond the Palace, saw how ordinary people live. Then the Prince left the house and went to roam the world, trying to figure out how to keep people from suffering.
Many years Gautama studied, conversed with Holy men and religious nastavnikami, but have not found what they were looking for. One day he went to the sacredtion Bodhi tree and plunged in reflectionstion. That’s when Gautama became mudrate and true knowledge. Because of this he was able to understand the causes of human Strapublications and saw the way in which, Liudi could achieve happiness.
Buddhism — one of the major religions in Asia. Believers in China, Japan, Korea. Vietnam and Tibet known as vosaccurate Buddhists and believers of Thailand, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia and Laos, called the southern Buddhists.
Calendar of Buddhist holidays is difficult, because in different countries the Buddhists markfer them on different days. Eastern Buddhists have set an exact date for most of their holidays . and the southern Buddhists favorby the lunar calendar . and the holidays should coincide with the full moon. In China. Japan, Sri Lanka and Thailand celebrate some special days that are not in keepingare anywhere else in the world. In addition to theth, arranged holidays in the PAto rumple about great teachers Buddhists.
All Buddhists celebrate Buddha’s birthday, his spiritual enlightenment, and death and dive into Nirvana. Southern Buddhists all events celebrated in one day. Eastern Buddhists celebrate every event especially.
One of the most important Buddhist holidaynicks in Japan is the Day of the vernal equinox . or O-Higan. Its the nametion is because vernal Ravmodestia fell to the middle of the week, kotoParadise called Higan (the”Other side”). Withbased on Buddhism, earth and afterlife worlds are separated by a river of human passions. Only those who manage to get across the river to the Other side, will find Prosvetation. The celebration lasts a whole week, attendingtion which the people as a family visit the churches, remember deceased ancestors, Prinothem smiling flowers on the graves, dishes, a burning incense.
Shortly after O-Higa celebrated Buddha’s birthday in Japan also known as the flower Festival (Hana Matsuri), because at that time Japanese cherry blossoms — Sakura.
In the old days the main ritual of the festival forwas that the children watered Buddha statue-child sweet tea from the leaves of hydrangea. This custom is connected with a legend about Buddha baby: when the baby did perries seven steps and waved his hands, Mortion dragon spilt sweet rain. There was a belief that if pricesaffecting fingers, soaked in this tea, to the statue of the Buddha in the place where you Bolit, all at once will pass. In our days going down the streets, a colorful procession singing and dancing children dressed in clothingdi and with flowers in their hands. Several people are carrying a small temple with statuestion of the Buddha inside is also decorated CEETami. The priests blow their marine Rakoguilt and kindle the incense.
In Korea, Buddha’s birthday is known as the lantern Festival . In a festive day on the streets — a sea of paper and silk lanterns . mounted on youhigh bamboo poles in front of each house. Lights have a very different form and color — in the form of a melon, boat, reel, fish, dragon, even in the form of neraskryvshihsya Lotus, in which the hidden mALenka doll. Last the whole night festivities — smart people go by Ulizahm, admiring the lights, and firing crackers.